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How do the Five Factor Personality Traits Affect Career Success?

How do the Five Factor Personality Traits Affect Career Success?

This video describes the association of personality traits and career success on the Five-Factor Model of Personality Traits. Job satisfaction, performance, and status are used to capture the concept of career success. In personality theory research, general mental ability (sometimes measured by IQ) is often controlled for because IQ is strongly associated with career success.
A popular way to conceptualize personality is with the five-factor model of personality traits, which is also known as “The Big Five” model of personality. In this model, personality comprises five personality traits: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. The acronym OCEAN is helpful for remembering the personality traits. Openness to experience is characterized by insight, creativity, an appreciation of art, intellectual curiosity, and a high awareness of feelings. Conscientiousness is characterized by impulse control, planning tasks carefully, being highly organized and prudence. Extraversion is characterized by getting energy from social interaction, talkativeness, and having a large number of acquaintances. Agreeableness is characterized by being cooperative, increased level of caring, empathy, friendly, seeking to compromise. Neuroticism is characterized by mood dysregulation, anxiety, worry, depression, frustrating, nervousness, being easily upset, and low emotional stability.
Openness to experience is positively associated with career success, but not will all jobs. Conscientiousness is positively associated with career success across almost all careers. Extraversion has a weak positive association with career success, but only with some jobs. Agreeableness does not have a strong association with career success. Neuroticism is negatively associated with career success across many jobs.